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Monitoring Exchange Server 2010


Monitoring Exchange Server 2010 or Day to Day Task on Exchange Server 2010:


Below are the Day to Day task apart from Administration an Exchange Admin performs.
We have Exchange Server infrastructure is Microsoft Hyper-V and IBM Storwize 7000.

Total 4 Exchange Server 2010
Server
IP
Role
WinAdminHTCAS1
192.168.2.31
HUB Transport , Client Access
WinAdminHTCAS 2
192.168.2.37
HUB Transport , Client Access
NLB
192.168.2.32
Network Load Balancing
WinAdminMAILBOX1
192.168.2.34
Mailbox
WinAdminMAILBOX2
192.168.2.38
Mailbox
WinAdminDAG
192.168.2.35
Database Availability Groups

192.168.2.32 (NLB): When WinAdminHTCAS1 goes down then NLB automatically fails over to WinAdminHTCAS2, Vice-Versa.
192.168.2.35 (DAG): When WinAdminMAILBOX1 goes down then DAG automatically fails over to WinAdminMAILBOX2, Vice-Versa.

First: Monitoring Cluster Nodes & Networks:
From your DataBase Availability Group Server (192.168.2.35) follow below path to launch the Failover Cluster Manager Microsoft Management Console:

Click Start -> All Programs -> Administrative Tools ->  Failover Cluster Manager
Click on Nodes


Now monitor if both the Mailbox Servers status is up or not, if not right click on the Database and click on Resume if it’s paused due to some technical reasons.

Second: Checking if Mailbox Database is properly Mounted or not, follow the path below to launch your Exchange Management Console:
Click Start -> All Programs -> Expand Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 -> Exchange Management Console

Now Expand Server Configuration and Select Mailbox, Select your server and check which Database is Mounted, which one is in Healthy mode and also check if any of the Database is in Suspended mode, if so Right Click the database and either click on Resume Database Copy or Update Database Copy.
If the database was suspended for some time than there will be Copy Queue Length and Replay Queue Length which will have some numbers but that won’t be zero like the screenshot that I have added.
  • Copy queue length log files: Signifies the number of log files waiting to be copied and checked.
  • Replay queue length log files: Signifies the number of log files waiting to be replayed into suspended copy of the database from the active/working database copy.

This is really a crucial part of Monitoring Exchange Server 2010 if you have Tivoli Storage Manager on your infrastructure for Exchange Server Mailbox Backup than it won’t perform the backup for the day., as it first performs a check if all the database copy is either in healthy or mounted mode., but if found in Suspended the automated backup will fail for the day.

Third: Network connectivity is properly functioning or not.
So this step you’ll have to perform on each server for both MAPI (Messaging Application Programming Interface) and Replication network, we will further explain in details about our Exchange Server 2010 Setup and Installation in our upcoming articles/posts.

Fourth: Monitoring Network Load Balancing in Hub Transport and Client Access Server.
Click Startà All Programs à Administrative Tools à Network Load Balancing Manager


Expand Outlook.WinAdmin.local in your case that would be your own name of NLB server, now check if Initial Host State is started for both Hub Transport and Client Access Server or not, else you can right click the HTCAS1 or HTCAS2 and goto Control Host and start or stop the service as per your necessity.

Fifth: Monitoring Disk Space for all the Exchange Servers

WinAdminHTCAS1:


WinAdminHTCAS2:


WinAdminMAILBOX1:


WinAdminMAILBOX2:

If mailbox database is going to fill up the drives than you must indulge with your Clients and check if they are ok with adding more drives on the Storage slots or else you can send mail to start archiving users mail as per some set up policies to those faulty users, this can easily be done with PowerShell scripts., we will update the same in our upcoming posts.

Sixth: Monitoring Exchange Services in Mailbox Server and Hub/Transport roles:

Mailbox Server Role: Services that must be enabled:
 
Hub Transport Role and Client Access Server Role: Services that must be enabled
Seventh: Checking Mail Flow In to Out and Out to In
You can send mail from your office account to your gmail account, and see if its going through within in few minutes, and vice versa.

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